Ethiopia’s government will form the Petroleum Development Enterprise that will develop oil and gas resources in partnership with private companies, Mines Minister Sinknesh Ejigu said.
The state-owned company will “bolster and enhance development,” Sinknesh said today in a phone interview from the capital, Addis Ababa. A similar public enterprise will be set up to extract mineral resources including precious metals, tantalum and potash, she said.
Ethiopia’s government in July canceled five production- sharing agreements with PetroTrans Co. because of a lack of progress by the Hong Kong-based company. Sinknesh said last month the government may develop gas fields in the country’s eastern Somali region after cancelling its contract with PetroTrans, which it had expected to bring financing of as much as $5 billion. The company rejected the termination of its contract.
The production-sharing accords were for 10 blocks in the Ogaden area of the Somali region, which include the Calub and Hilala fields with natural gas resources estimated at 4 trillion cubic feet. SouthWest Energy, an Addis Ababa-based company, has said it hopes to strike oil in the Ogaden next year.
Landlocked Ethiopia, Africa’s second-most populous nation, produces no oil or gas and was reliant on gold, coffee and other agricultural commodities for export earnings of $3.2 billion last year, according to Access Capital, an Addis Ababa-based research company.
The “whole idea” of the enterprise is to work with industry, Sinknesh said. “The private sector is the engine of development, provided they are developmental.”
The establishment of the state-owned company has been delayed by the death of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi last month, she said.
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Ethiopian Airlines became the first airline outside Japan to own Boeing 787 Dreamliner
The carrier has been growing steadily during the global economic crisis
Its CEO Tewolde GebreMariam explains how his airline managed to stay on course
Marketplace Africaoffers CNN viewers a unique window into African business on and off the continent. It is the destination for movers and shakers at the forefront of African business.
(CNN) -- As the first airline outside Japan to own Boeing 787 Dreamliner, Ethiopian Airlines has an impressive business record despite the global economic crisis. Growing 20 to 30% a year for the past seven years, the airlines' strategic plan is to carry 18 million passengers a year by 2025.
But the company's future success depends on its ability to deal with Africa-specific pressures. Aviation infrastructure on the continent is lagging behind the rest of the world, and the lack of qualified pilots and technicians means airlines need to invest millions in education and training.
As the global airlines continue to suffer from high fuel prices and dropping numbers of passengers, GebreMariam remains confident about the future of the industry in Africa.
He sat down with CNN's Jill Dougherty to talk about the company's route to success.
CNN: You just flew in on Dreamliner. What do you think is significance of this?
Tewolde GebreMariam: Today we got the opportunity to experience what it looks like and what it can offer to customers and to airlines. So I would say to customers, there are a lot of new features. We experienced the amount of humidity at 40,000 above sea level. You feel like you are at 6,000 above sea level so it's more humid. So it reduces drowsiness and dryness, fatigue and jet lag.
The windows are much wider than what we have in other airplanes today. From one of side of the airplane you can see the other side. It's 50% composite matter. Much lighter. And as a result of that, it is more fuel efficient -- it consumes 20% less fuel than airplanes in the same category.
CNN: I understand you have a 15 year plan with Ethiopian Airlines and the target is to meet ten billion dollars a year in revenue. What does that goal tell us about Africa's aviation industry?
TG: Ethiopia is growing very fast. 11% GDP for the last decade continuously. It's among the fastest growing economies in the world. Africa is growing, so we are growing together. In our vision, 2025, strategy plan is to operate 120 airplanes. To more than 90 destinations, generating about 10 billion dollars, carrying more than 18 million passengers, 720,000 tons of cargo.
We've been growing for 20 to 30% per annum compounded for the last seven years. So in seven years, we have multiplied the airline by five times. So this growth is predicted to continue mainly because we are leveraging and harnessing on our strategic location. If you draw a line through China, Africa, India and Brazil we are located right in the middle and we take advantage of this growth because these emerging economies are growing very fast.
CNN: What other challenges you face in Africa that companies outside of Africa might not face?
TG: We have many challenges. You are right. The first one is infrastructure. Airport infrastructure or aviationinfrastructure in the continent. It is not as well developed as the rest of the world so much work is needed there. We're working with African governments to improve on that. The second one is brain drain from Africa to the developed world. And particular to the Gulf, and so this has been a problem for most African carriers. I think for all of us. But going forward we are building a huge aviation academy, the capacity has grown from 150 graduates to 1000 graduates a year. So going forward this program will give opportunity for the country.
CNN: Where will this Dreamliner fly? What's the route?
TG: This Dreamliner is the first in Africa and also the continent of Africa is first for us. We are a truly African airline. So it will be in Africa for the time being. When we get the second one we will utilize it on the Washington route.
CNN: So we can take it! So you have plans to buy two?
TG: No. Ten. Already ordered. We'll take delivery of four of them before the end of the year.
Intensive gold mining in southern Ethiopia – in pictures
Gold is Ethiopia's main mineral export. Matthew Newsome explores the vast Lega Dembi mine in southern Ethiopia, where gold is mined from both openpit and underground workings. Expansion of the mine could increase employment in an economy still based mainly on agriculture, with around 25 million out of Ethiopia's population of 85 million living in extreme poverty • Gold mining promises big boost for Ethiopia's development